This is the same trait found in the genetically mutated amflora potato developed by basf. These transgenic potatoes produce amylose free starch through the antisense inhibition of the gene encoding granule bound starch synthase i gbssi. Approving the gm potato corporate europe observatory november 2011 3 on 2 march 2010 john dalli, in one of his first acts as health commissioner, gave the green light to basfs controversial genetically modified amflora potato for commercial growing in europe. There has been the little debate not long ago about tilling, the new plantbreeding routine used by bioplant, the company in ebsdorf, to emanate an amylose free potato. Best practice document for the coexistence of genetically modified. Jan 21, 2014 the amflora eh925271 potato is a genetically modified gm potato in which only starch of the amylopectin form is produced. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm 24 in high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. Lysine, the most abundant free amino acid in potato, was often found. Genetically modified potato as a source of novel carbohydrates. It was taken from jellyfish, chosen because it was supposed to have an insignificant impact. The german government said the amflora potato will be grown in eastern germany but not on an industrial scale. It takes two or three minutes to separate and purify dna using this technology. Mar 04, 2020 amflora potato pdf amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in europe, have become the. Amflora received european approval for commercial cultivation in eu in 2010.
Potato usually has a lightbrown or yellowish skin and is white or yellow inside. What the approval of gm potato amflora in europe means to. By janet renee genetically modified potatoes are on the way to market as of 2015. Amflora is a genetically modified potato the result of two decades of research efforts. Gm potato to be grown in europe environment the guardian. Does tilling have genetic engineering superfluous for plant breeding. Media in category protests against the cultivation of amflora potatoes the following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. Eventspecific detection of transgenic potato av436g7. The general court of the european union said the commission had failed to follow the blocs rules when approving the amflora potato.
Amflora was withdrawn from the eu market in 2012, and in 20 its approval was annulled by an eu court. Amflora was approved for industrial applications in the european union market on 2. Pdf on apr 1, 2010, gerhart u ryffel and others published making the most of gm potatoes find. Amflora potato would be processed and sold as starch to industries that prefer waxy potato starch with only amylopectin.
Amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in europe, have become the unlikely lightning rod in the angry debate over such. March 2010 to grow basfs genetically modified amflora potato in the eu. In the czech republic, the gm potato variety amflora was tested on an area. The potato is a root vegetable native to the americas, a starchy tuber of the plant solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself, a perennial in the family solanaceae wild potato species can be found throughout the americas, from the united states to southern chile. Monitoring the presence of genetically modified potato eh925271. Read one new potato, current biology on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Monitoring the presence of genetically modified potato. This document must not be reproduced, distributed or amended, in whole or in part, without prior written consent of author. Protests against the cultivation of amflora potatoes. Genetically modified food in the european union wikipedia. The development and marketing of novel genetically modified gm crops in which composition has been deliberately altered poses a challenge to the european union eus risk assessment processes, which are based on the concept of substantial equivalence with a. Only with adobe acrobat reader you can view, sign, collect and track feedback, and share pdfs for free. Mar 03, 2010 gm potato to be grown in europe this article is more than 10 years old.
The part of the potato that people eat is a tuber that grows under the ground a potato contains a lot of starch and other carbohydrates. Recently, the quality of potato starch has been improved in more commercial transgenic potatoes, such as transgenic potato amflora eh925271 potato and transgenic potato am041020 17, 18. The starch of the new gm amflora potato developed by the german biotechnology company, basf, will be used for industrial purposes such as making paper, and for. Jul 24, 2007 indeed, basf has a second application for amflora pending that would allow the potato residue after starch extraction to be used as animal feed. Im the king here amflora potatoesgenetically modified. Monitoring the presence of genetically modified potato eh92. Issn 14016249, isbn 9157667756 starch is one of the most important processed products from agriculture. The amflora eh925271 potato is a genetically modified gm potato in which only starch of the amylopectin form is produced. The european commission has given the green light to basf for the commercial application of its genetically modified amflora potato. Introduction 1 potato nutrition facts 2 vitamin c and potassium 3 vitamin b6, fiber and magnesium 4 resistant starch 5 gluten free 6.
What is the difference between potato starch and potato. Using molecular biology, scientists had deactivated the gene of regular potatoes that produce unwanted amylose, so only amylopectin will be produced by the amflora potatoes. And when you want to do more, subscribe to acrobat pro dc. This has been achieved by intervening with the biosynthesis of starch in this variety of potato. General surveillance as outlined in the monitoring plan for amflora details approaches, methods and responsibilities proposed to be used within the frame of a. Potatoes have become a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the worlds food supply. The amflora potato is selected for its special starch properties used in paper making and adhesives. German farmers grow the amflora potato to be used primarily for industrial use. This perennial is part of the family solanaceae or the nightshades. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. If the potato gets light on it, the tuber turns green and will be poisonous. Potato, white solanum tuberosurn recommed varieties disease resistance white rose lb kennebec chieftain norgold russet red lasoda many specially varieties are available also grow white potatoes from sections of tubers. In this third of three articles, we focus on labeling and coexistence as well as discuss the political reality and potential ways forward.
Amflora potato pdf amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in europe, have become the. Amflora potato, event eh925271 was genetically modified to produce only the. Sep 24, 2018 arrowroot starch is healthy substitute that also has many health benefits. Amflora is a genetically modified potato variety of chemical company basf. Portable document format pdf to provide document and data security. Amflora is a genetically improved potato developed to. Amflora or eh925271 or potato in general in combination with a word profile for genetic engineering and in combination with the enzymes granule bound starch synthase or neomycin phosphotransferase. Genetically modified potato wikimili, the free encyclopedia. In germany traditional amylosefree starch potatoes have been developed as well. Understanding the basic concept of potato starch vs. Pdf screening the presence of amflora transgenic potato in.
Potato simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. December 15, 2010 biotech potato reduces disease incidence and seed import in bangladesh bangladesh government and private initiatives are working to produce breeder, foundation and certified seeds free from viruses and other diseases through meristem culture in around 20 biotech labs in universities, research institutes, and private companies. Jun 11, 2010 although inedible, amflora is a kind of miracle potato on two counts. While describing the nutritional value and the taste of these potato products, this tastessence article also explains how to use them in cooking. Amflora was approved for industrial applications in the european union market on 2 march 2010 by the european commission. It is fed to animals or used as a feedstock for biogas stations. Amflora was approved for industrial applications in the european union by the european commission. We use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Amflora ip system manual page 24 of 72 original issue date. The amflora potato in short amflora is a genetically modified potato variety of chemical company basf. This has been achieved by intervening with the biosynthesis of. Plus, cornstarch is said to have a lower likelihood of clumping up compared to potato starch.
Nov 29, 2016 the correct answer for this question would be option b. This potato produces only amylopectin, although potatoes by their nature produce a mixture of amylose and amylopectin. Gmo free cornstarch is also gluten free, and it is a more nutrientrich alternative to potato. Arrowroot starch is healthy substitute that also has many health benefits. Options to reform the european union legislation on gmos. What is the difference between potato starch and potato flour. The amflora potato, developed by basf, which has been.
Pdf screening the presence of amflora transgenic potato. While cornstarch is preferred for thickening dairybased liquids, arrowroot works. A potato is a root vegetable, the solanum tuberosum. After mixing just a single read more why scientists are worried about.
By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, scoop. In many contexts, the word potato refers to the edible starchy tuber portion of the plant, but it can also refer to the plant itself, which is native to the americas. Approving the gm potato corporate europe observatory. Cuttings from vine tips are less likely to carry weevils than cuttings from the middle and base. Amflora potato is a genetically modified potato developed by the germans. Production of amylopectin and highamylose starch in separate potato genotypes. The heterologous gene expression of sss was also reported in transgenic potato tubers. Amflora eh is the name used for a potato grade developed by the company basf plant science, whose starch production has been genetically. General surveillance as outlined in the monitoring plan for amflora details approaches, methods and responsibilities proposed to be used within the frame of a closed. In addition amflora or eh925271or potato in general in combination with a word.
Feb 01, 2008 the potato variety amflora, a starch potato with an increased content of amylopectin in tuber starch, is close to be approved within the eu under directive 200118ec for cultivation and processing into starch for industrial uses. Dec, 20 european commission press release details page press and information general court of the european union press release no 160 luxembourg, december 20 judgment in case t. European commission approves amflora starch potato potatopro. Amflora potato plants produce pure amylopectin starch that is processed to waxy potato starch. They bear white, pink, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens. Potatoes are the worlds fourthlargest food crop, following maize corn, wheat, and rice. One is amflora, a highstarch potato developed by basf and. But the gm potato has already a colorful history in the us and canada.
Europes second highest court has annulled a highly controversial approval of gm potato amflora after failings in the authorisation procedure on december the general court ruled that the european commission had not followed the correct procedure in approving the gm amflora potato and consequently annulled the authorisation. When several gm potato lines have been created, nptll genethe gene in the potato that is against antibiotics kanamycin and neomycinwill let the modification take up. Amflora ip system manual page 1 of 72 original issue date. The request for authorisation was submitted by amflora s developer basf in august 1996, more than years ago. Although the current regulatory framework technically allows ge seeds to enter into commerce, the seeds cannot be planted or used for cultivation in. The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade solanum tuberosum. Making the most of gm potatoes nature biotechnology. According to its manufacturer, amflora is a safe product, which offers a broad application spectrum and helps to safe both energy and costs since an expensive separation of the starch blend can be avoided.
Last week the european commission approved cultivation and processing of the genetically modified starch potato amflora. In march 2010 a second gmo, a potato called amflora, was approved for cultivation for industrial applications in the eu by the european commission and was grown in germany, sweden and the czech republic that year. Amflora is intended only for industrial applications such as papermaking and other technical applications. We discuss options to reform the eu genetically modified organism gmo regulatory framework, make risk assessment and decisionmaking more consistent with scientific principles, and lay the groundwork for international coherence. The european commissions approval of basfs gm amflora potato for cultivation in the eu could mark the end of european deadlock over genetic modification, and has been celebrated and decried with equal measure by commentators on both sides of the debate. Czech republic agricultural biotechnology annual 2018. Gk, general studies, optional notes for upsc, ias, banking, civil services. Today the european commission approved amflora, basfs genetically optimized starch potato, for commercial application in europe. The word potato may refer either to the plant itself or to the edible tuber. Potato may be applied to both the plant and the edible tuber. Dec, 20 eu court annuls approval of basfs amflora gmo potato.
In january 2012, the potato was withdrawn from the market in the eu. Potatoes, nutrition and diet potatoes can be important staple foods, but balanced diets need to include other vegetables and whole grain foods key points the potato is a good source of dietary energy and some micronutrients, and its protein content is very high in comparison with other roots and tubers. Oct 21, 2016 the amflora eh925271 potato is a genetically modified gm potato in which only starch of the amylopectin form is produced. European commission press releases press release the. Production of amylopectin and high amylose starch in.
Jan 09, 2012 amflora potato is a gm potato intended for industrial applications as potato starch which is better than the natural starch currently used. It was approved for industrial applications in the european union on 2 march 2010 by the european commission. Implementation of general surveillance for amflora potato. Potatoes were introduced outside the andes region approximately four centuries ago,3 and have since become an. The potato also referred to as tater, tattie, and spud is a root vegetable that is part of the plant solanum tuberosum. If farmers cannot find planting material that is free from leaf scab disease and weevils, they can treat with chemicals. Pdf screening the presence of amflora transgenic potato in food. A genetically modified potato, not for eating, is stirring. It represents the first interpartner effort, post2008, aimed at producing technical guidelines that can be used by decision makers in developing countries to improve the sustainability of potato production and boost the potato subsectors contribution to social and economic development. Dec 07, 2019 amflora eh is the name used for a potato grade developed by the company basf plant science, whose starch production has been genetically. Safety assessment of genetically modified plants with. Approval of the amflora potato could signal moleculr fresh approach to genetically modified organisms.
The potato variety amflora, a starch potato with an increased content of amylopectin in tuber starch, is close to be approved within the eu under directive 200118ec for cultivation and processing into starch for industrial uses. In north america, currently no genetically modified potatoes are commercially grown. The cassava granule bound gbssi was expressed in the amylosefree. A potato remade for industry has some swedes frowning. Last month the eu commission approved a second gm crop for cultivation in the eu. Basf plant science genetically modified starch potato program. Both regulations were subsequent to the adoption of the november 2012 seed act, which entered into force on january 28, 20. It was approved for industrial applications in the european union on 2 march 2010 by the europe. Amflora is a genetically modified potato owned by basf plant science.
The amflora potato is solely grown for the purposes of enhancing its industrial application. Amflora also known as eh925271 is a genetically modified potato cultivar developed by basf plant science. Application for amylopectin potato event eh925271 according to regulation ec no 1829 2003 pdf. There is no legislation requiring the labeling of gmo foods, and critics worry about potential contamination of the conventional food supply and the. Basf recently received approval from the eu to market its gm potato engineered.
Amflora potato 0 0 0 0 0 0 147 0 0 0 fas estimate exports czech farmers prefer to use the locally produced bt corn on farm, to avoid any marketing issues. Do not use grocery store potatoes or potatoes from your own garden as a source of seed. Application for amylopectin potato event eh925271 according to regulation ec no 18292003 pdf. Dec 14, 2019 according to its manufacturer, amflora is a safe product, which offers a broad application spectrum and helps to safe both energy and costs since an expensive separation of the starch blend can be avoided. Then you can edit, export, and send pdfs for signatures. Amflora is a genetically modified potato cultivar developed by basf plant science. Eu court annuls approval of basfs amflora gmo potato. Oct 29, 2009 from seed potato through the starch processing in an identity preservation system identity and purity of products monitored and audited at all stages of process system thoroughly tested under reallife conditions contract farming only, no free sales of amflora limburgerhof, october 2009 postal address basf plant science speyerer stra. Genetically modified organism simple english wikipedia. Why scientists are worried about the gmo potato and apple. It was approved for industrial applications in the european union. Basf recently received approval from the eu to market its gm potato engineered with reduced. The european commission has given the green light to basf for the commercial application of its genetically. The potato can now be used for the production of industrial starch.1036 8 300 1531 351 677 1535 198 403 511 125 1425 1402 1324 891 706 1478 84 571 1453 167 1110 1025 1369 1186 105 94 1021 747